Alcoholism: causes, consequences and how to detect it
Alcoholism is defined as uncontrolled consumption and subsequent dependence on alcoholic substances, which causes physical problems such as withdrawal syndrome and psychological problems such as emotional dependence.
Alcoholism, a disease with wide consequences
He Alcoholism is a addiction that has become a problem that increasingly afflicts young peopleis a practice that can begin as a simple distraction or even due to social pressure, but that, in the long run, if not controlled, can carry very serious psychological and physical consequences.
It is important to be attentive to the signs that may indicate risk in a family member; visiting a specialist in time can avoid a fateful event. Next, we will define Alcoholism, its risk factors, consequences and forms of treatment.
A destructive addiction
Alcoholism is defined as uncontrolled consumption and subsequent dependence on alcoholic substanceswhich causes physical problems such as Withdrawal Syndrome and psychological problems such as Emotional dependence.
It is a chronic disease that cannot be cured. If an alcoholic person undergoes treatment, they can control their addiction, but they will always be at risk of relapse. The consequences of Alcoholism can be physical and social, affecting a person’s social circle and family nucleus to the point of destroying them..
In developing countries, an increase in alcohol consumption has been detected in young people between 12 and 15 years of age, although it is not ruled out that they begin at an earlier age. According to figures from the Government of Colombia Alcohol consumption has decreased by 10 percentage points among schoolchildren in Colombia, it was at 46.6 percent and stood at 37 according to studies from 2011 and 2016. The figures continue to be worrying.
Alcoholism has its main causes in two factors:
- Social pressure: Young people or adults who start drinking alcohol do so by offering it at parties or family gatherings, some take it to be accepted in a circle of friends. There is still a false belief that drinking helps achieve social status.. The same family members who offer drinks at gatherings are a strong risk factor. The younger people start using these substances, the more severe the physiological consciences are.
- Family problems: When a person finds themselves in financial or emotional problems (separation from a couple), even if a family or important person dies, it is very possible that seek refuge in some addiction. An environment of family violence, parental abandonment and inadequate friendships, which, in short, cause a dangerous social environment can also lead a teenager or anyone to Alcoholism.
What are the risk signs?
Alcoholism is classified as mild, moderate and severe, and It is measured based on symptomswhich are:
- Inability to control alcohol consumption
- Failed attempts to reduce consumption
- The person wastes a lot of time drinking alcohol and in his subsequent recovery. Fails to fulfill its commitments and postpones its obligations
- excessive desire for alcohol
- Consumes alcohol when driving or doing any sporting activity
- Development of alcohol tolerance
- Presence of Withdrawal Syndrome when you stop drinking
If a person presents more than two of these symptoms you are already at risk of suffering from a degree of Alcoholism.
Physical and psychological consequences of Alcoholism
The mildest consequences are: Headaches, Nutritional Deficiency, Gastritis, Insomnia and Erectile Dysfunction. In the presence of these problems it is recommended to go immediately to a specialist, since the most serious consequences can lead a person to death.
Cancer, Liver Diseases, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Problems and Pancreatitis, among other severe problems, are the most dangerous consequences for the body, many of them have no cure.
Alcohol also causes physical problems Abstinence syndrome which is part of physical dependence and is associated with more than 80 medical conditions such as Cardiovascular, Liver Diseases and Neoplasias.
The psychological consequences are important because they are the ones that tend to affect the families of alcoholic people the most. The Anxiety, Depression, Dementia, Cellopathy, Psychosis and Epilepsy, are just some of the mental pathologies that can occur as an effect of Alcoholism. All of these problems trigger family instability, work and economic problems, accidents and abuse.