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Autoimmune diseases: do they have a cure?

We do not have to talk about a cure, we have to talk about controlling the disease and giving the patient back their quality of life and peace of mind.

First of all, it is important to know what the Immune system either Immune system, is the one that defends us from certain conditions such as Infectious Diseases or Cancer. The Immune System is made up of a large number of elements, which we can recognize as soldiers belonging to an army, which produce a series of substances such as proteins such as antibodies and all these elements are what will allow our body defend against diseases.

On the other hand, the Immune System is not a perfect system, which means that there can be alterations, among which the most important of these alterations is autoimmunity.

In the Autoimmune diseases in which there is then this phenomenon of autoimmunity, the body produces substances and generates production of abnormal cells that are no longer aimed at defending these conditions that may arise, but rather have the potential to attack the body itselfTherefore, an Autoimmune Disease is an alteration in the Immune System that can induce disease in the individual.

Types of Autoimmune Diseases

Almost all specialists have something to do with autoimmunity, the Rheumatologists We are the most recognized specialists in the management and detection of Autoimmune Diseases, but this does not mean that we are the only ones.

Autoimmune diseases are in the Neurological systemin the skin, in the Hematological System, in the kidney, in the liver and of course there are many Rheumatic diseases They are autoimmune.

Since that is my field, I am going to tell you about some Rheumatological Autoimmune Diseasesamong them are known and frequent diseases such as:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Systemic Sclerosis
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Vasculitis

Other well-known Autoimmune Diseases that are not the responsibility of the Rheumatologist but, for example, of the Endocrinologist are:

  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Graves’ disease

The field of autoimmunity is a very vast one in which we engage. different specialists.

Most common autoimmune diseases

Within the Rheumatological Diseases which is my field, I am going to talk about two diseases that are of special interest within the Autoimmune diseases, The first of them is the Rheumatoid arthritis which can affect between 0.5 and 1% of the populationespecially attacks the Joint System which could cause long-term damage or deterioration.

It is a treatable disease, there have been impressive advances in the last 20 years in detection and innovative treatments.

The second disease of very high interest because it is a disease that affects young people more is Systemic lupus erythematosusis the Autoimmune Disease par excellence, it has the ability to generate a large amount of what we call autoantibodies and to attack a wide variety of systems:

  • Central Nervous System
  • Joint System
  • Gastrointestinal System

For obvious reasons it is the most feared disease, but there are already therapeutic developments, therefore, there is no need to fear it, on the contrary, we must face it since there are specialists in Rheumatology who are highly trained in its management.

Another common Autoimmune Disease in the field of Rheumatology and which this time also affects women, but in an older age range between 50 and 60 years, is Sjogren’s syndromeis also characterized by the presence of autoantibodies and by certain characteristics of which the most important are the commitment of exocrine glandsthat is, those that produce elements such as saliva and tears, obviously there may also be other characteristics that will be studied by the treating doctor.

Risk factor’s

Obviously, if autoimmunity exists, we can think that there are exogenous factors that will stimulate the appearance of this autoimmunity, well, I would say that in most cases we cannot identify them.

Factors such as certain types of viral infections, vaccines, application of exogenous substances such as biopolymers and even silicone implants or Breast Implants that are so fashionable today and that have been blamed as the cause, among other elements, of the famous Asian syndrome.

Great care must be taken in the evaluation of patients with autoimmunity and in imputing or attributing the appearance of this autoimmunity to exogenous factors, which there may be, but the analysis of each patient deserves a very detailed study.

On the other hand, a very important element is the genetic factorthat is why doctors, when questioning patients, must do a detailed analysis of their family history. In many of them we do find that there is a history of Autoimmune Diseases in the family, not necessarily the same disease, for example, a patient with Systemic lupus erythematosus can have an aunt with Sjogren’s syndrome or your mother may suffer Rheumatoid arthritis.

Another important element is the Smokingwhich has been associated with many diseases, we must think about stopping tobacco consumption, thinking that it can induce autoimmunity.

Is there a cure for these diseases?

One of the aspects to keep in mind when we talk about Autoimmune Diseases is that they are all spread spectrummeans that at one extreme we can have very mild diseases, an expression of autoimmunity that does not even have clinical manifestations and does not even require treatment and, on the other hand, we can have diseases that are very difficult to control that require multiple medications and, therefore, , many complications arise.

In general, autoimmunity is difficult to control and I cannot tell you about a cure at this time, but there are enough alternatives to keep these diseases under control, to keep the patient free of symptoms, so that they have a normal life and can perform. your activities and make your life the way you want it.

We cannot talk about a cure today, that is, there are no medications that can really suppress autoimmunity and reverse it completely, but these diseases are very varied in expression, some will require treatment, others will not require treatment.

We do not have to talk about a cure, we have to talk about controlling the disease and giving the patient back their quality of life and peace of mind.

Which specialist to go to?

It is important to go to a specialist, in this case with a Rheumatologist, we have extensive experience in autoimmunity, I believe that in the country we are still consulted with patients who have expression of autoimmunity in other organs. Look for your Rheumatologist within your directory, he is there to help you in the analysis of your autoimmune pathology.