Causes and complications of Hyperthyroidism
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
He Hyperthyroidism It is the clinical condition derived from the increase in the production of thyroid hormones. He Hyperthyroidism It can be caused by autoimmune diseases, in which the body produces antibodies that stimulate the gland, make it grow and increase its production. hormonal. In other circumstances, Hyperthyroidism can be caused by the inadvertent intake of thyroid hormones or excess iodine.
Symptoms and why more cases occur in women
A patient with hyperthyroidism presents Anxiety, tremor, palpitations, insomnia and weight loss. Before these signs, it is advisable to go to a Specialist as soon as possible to have a good diagnosis.
In women it is more common, just as the appearance of Autoimmune Diseases is more common, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus and Scleroderma, to name a few.
In what cases does the neck enlarge and why is it?
Enlargement of the toroid gland is known as Goiter (coto) and can occur as a consequence of Hyperthyroidism In Graves’ disease, however, endemic goiter is a consequence of a low intake of iodine in the diet and may be accompanied by hypothyroidism.
It is important to consult with the first symptoms because visual impairment, involvement of the cardiovascular system and the skeleton can have irremediable consequences. An analysis of Thyroxine, a thyroid hormone known as T4, can help the Specialist evaluate the functioning of the Thyroid Gland and know if it is failing.
What complications can occur as a result of Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism causes Cardiac arrhythmiascan affect bone mineral density and lead to a Osteoporosis and frequently affect the eyeballs causing Exophthalmos (sprouted eyes) and serious vision alterations.
There are tthree treatment modalities:
- The antithyroidwhich are medications that are administered orally for prolonged periods and reduce the synthesis or manufacture of thyroid hormones
- The second treatment modality consists of administration of a dose of radioactive iodine (I-131) which is captured in the gland and irradiates it, producing fiborisis and disappearance of hormonal production
- Surgery, which is reserved for patients who cannot receive any of the previous alternatives; pregnant women, or people with allergies or severe poisoning to any of the mentioned medications
Hyperthyroidism does have a cure
Yes, it can be cured definitively, almost always by taking the patient to Hypothyroidismwhich causes it to require thyroid hormone supplementation later.