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Chagas disease: everything you need to know about this condition

To avoid transmission by bite and eradicate the presence of Pito in the house, it is recommended to keep homes clean and organized. Regarding oral contagion, it is necessary to wash and disinfect food well before consuming it.

The Chagas disease It is a silent disease caused by infection with the parasite Trypanosoma Cruzi, which is transmitted mainly by contact with the fecal matter of the triatomic insect called Pito.

Chagasic

Chagas disease is the heart condition caused by Chagas Disease, approximately 20-30% of infected people will develop cardiac disorders caused by this condition throughout their lives.such as:

  • Heart dilation
  • Arrhythmias mortal
  • Different degrees of heart blocks

It is important to know that to detect this type of conditions it is important to perform a complete physical examination, anamnesis, Electrocardiogram and Chest X-ray.

Behavior in the country

In Colombia, infection by T. cruzi It has been detected along the Magdalena River valley, in the Catatumbo region, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the foothills of the Llanos Orientales and the Serranía de la Macarena. Departments with the highest endemic status are: Santander, Norte de Santander, Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Casanare and Arauca, and more recently in communities in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Transmission routes

The main forms of transmission of Chagas Disease are the following:

  • Vector: Once the insects bite a person to feed on their blood, they defecate around the wound, subsequently, the itching sensation is generated and when scratched, the parasite in the feces quickly enters the body.
  • Oral: It occurs through the consumption of food contaminated with the parasite
  • congenital: From a mother infected with Chagas Disease to her child during pregnancy

How does it manifest?

At the beginning of the acute phase, the patient may present the following manifestations:

  • Fever
  • General discomfort
  • Muscle pain and headache
  • Lack of appetite
  • Inflammation of the eyelids due to the entry of parasites through the eye and inflammation and redness of the skin where the Pito bit.

In chronic patients who develop Heart Disease, the following may occur:

  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Palpitations and/or tickling in the chest
  • Exhaustion or tiredness
  • Dizziness or fainting

In the digestive system there is difficulty swallowing or swallowing food and/or difficulty passing stool (chronic constipation)which do not improve with the treatments that are usually administered.

How to prevent?

To avoid transmission by bite and eradicate the presence of the Pito in the house, It is recommended to keep homes clean and organizedAs for oral infection, it is necessary to wash and disinfect food well before consuming it, in addition to boiling water. Likewise, heThoroughly wash kitchen utensils, pots and other items used when preparing food.

To avoid congenital transmission, women who reside or lived in areas endemic to the insect or with a family history of the disease should request screening at the first consultation and during prenatal control.

Diagnosis and treatment

Chagas Disease can be diagnosed through a blood sample, this study is called the Chagas Test, in most people it is detected through blood donations.

A person infected with Chagas can be cured if diagnosed and treated promptly; With the medication you can eliminate the parasite and therefore stop the infection. In cases in which the disease is already more developed and affects the heart and digestive system, the effectiveness of the medications is less.

The diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of Chagas disease are included in the Health Benefits Plan. If a person becomes infected, according to the characteristics of the case, You can access prescription medications for free.