Everything you need to know about Dental Veneers
What are Veneers?
The Dental Veneers are thin pieces of porcelain or resin in the color of your choice or tooth, which are cemented to the front surfaces of natural teeth, and are a way to address a variety of physical and aesthetic problems.
Why are they necessary, or why can they be an aesthetic alternative?
Years of drinking coffee, smoking cigarettes, or eating highly pigmented foods eventually damage your teeth, making them dull. unattractive yellowish or brown color. Stained enamel can be whitened at home or by your dentist, but it can stain again. If you are looking for a more radical way to whiten your smile, dental veneers may be a good option for you. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Veneers are usually stain resistant so you will have to worry less about fading or needing to whiten them.
Slightly crooked or gapped teeth can be treated with braces or other orthodontic treatments; However, according to Dentistry Today, sometimes Veneers can also help solve these problems. These adhere to the front surfaces of your teeth, so while they don’t change their positions, they do camouflage minor orthodontic problems once they’re applied. Natural teeth may still be gapped or crooked, but no one will know except you and your dentist. It is important to mention that the veneers They cannot always replace orthodontic treatment.can promote inflammation of the gum and your Dentist may refer you to an Orthodontist instead of placing Veneers.
The enamel is strong, but not indestructible. He brushed Excessive can wear it out, and consuming very acidic foods or drinks can erode it. The stomach acid associated with gastroesophageal reflux can also damage enamel. This can become a cause for concern because the enamel that is lost does not grow back. Luckily, it can be replaced. According to the American Academy of Cosmetics Veneers are an excellent treatment for teeth with enamel abrasion or erosion, and at the same time they are pleasing to the eye.
Types of veneers and the materials with which they are manufactured
There are several models of aesthetic veneers; However, the two most used are Composite (resin) veneers, a very resistant material, and porcelain veneers. They are explained in detail below, but before choosing one of them, You should always consult with a Dentist, who will tell you which option is most suitable for you.
Veneers made of Composite They are made of a material with a base of acrylic resin mixed with ceramic, which provides it with quite high resistance. These veneers are placed directly on the tooth, where the professional molds the shape and gives the desired size, and then hardens it using ultraviolet light. The main advantages of this type of veneers is that They do not require much prior preparation, but only limited filing of the tooth enamel. It is also a faster process, since the veneers do not have to be made in an external laboratory, they are cheaper than porcelain veneers, and they are easier to repair in the event of a fracture.
Among the drawbacks is a shorter estimated duration, between 5 and 10 years, and the possibility that over time and the use of food and drinks the color of the veneer material changes. Furthermore, although they are very resistant, you must periodically go to the Dentist for maintenance, since It is easier for a composite veneer to fracture than a porcelain veneer.
Porcelain is a glass ceramic that is reinforced with materials such as leucite, which gives it the highest level of resistance possible, very similar to the tooth enamel itself. This type of aesthetic veneers are made outside the dental clinic, and therefore the treatment with this material is somewhat slower.. First, the measurements of the patients’ teeth must be taken and this information transferred to the laboratory, which will be in charge of designing, in a completely personalized way, all the necessary veneers. On the next visit the Specialist will place them using a powerful adhesive. This type of veneers are more durable, since with a good care can be part of your smile for between 10 and 15 years; In addition, they have a more natural appearance and their color does not usually vary. This type of treatment does not require revisions from time to time, as is the case with composite veneers.
What is the process to place them?
The placement of a veneer takes approximately two sessions, in the case of those made of composite, and in three sessions of porcelain, since these must be prepared in a laboratory outside the clinic. On the first visit, the Specialist will assess the denture based on what the patient wants to achieve and, consequently, the most appropriate treatment will be obtained, and the patient will be informed of its price and characteristics. On the second visit, if you have chosen the option of composite veneers, we will begin with their placement. First, the tooth will be slightly filed, adapting it so that the material adheres correctly. Once the dentist has shaped the tooth with the composite paste, it will be hardened using ultraviolet light, giving it great hardness. To finish the process, the surface is filed again so that it is completely smooth.
If the veneers chosen are porcelain, in the second visit the teeth will be lightly carved to give them symmetry, and then the measurements will be taken using molds and photographs to be able to make the veneers in a personalized way. All the information collected is sent to the external laboratory so that the parts can begin to be manufactured. Finally, and only in cases of porcelain veneers, a third visit to the Dentist will be made; In it, the pieces will be placed on the affected teeth. For the veneers to be glued correctly, The Dentist removes some of the enamel from the tooth, thus creating a better surface for the adhesive.
How long do they last?
On the one hand, porcelain veneers have a duration of approximately 10 or 15 years. Within porcelain dental veneers we usually distinguish between e.max and Lumineers, since they are the main commercial brands. However, their duration is the same. On the other hand, composite veneers last approx.
What maintenance should be done on them?
Although porcelain veneers do not require periodic maintenance, composite veneers do. Maintenance consists of going to the specialist in Dental Aesthetics to carry out a polishing of the veneers. The objective of these reviews is that the treatment lasts the mentioned time: five years.
Although this point is not important to take into account in the case of having porcelain veneers, it does play a fundamental role in the event that we have composite veneers. The latter is a material that dyes over time and with the consumption of foods and drinks that have a lot of color.. Examples of such foods or drinks could be the following: coffee, red wine, tea, cola soft drinks, dark chocolate, red fruits, curry, soy sauce. In case you have composite veneers and do not want to completely eliminate these foods and drinks from your diet, Our advice is that you restrict its consumption as much as you can.
On the contrary, porcelain does not pose these types of problems, since it is a material that does not dye and retains its aesthetic properties for many years. Very hard foods: this aspect is very important to take into account, regardless of the material with which our veneers are made. Any very hard – or even sticky – food is a danger for them, as they can come loose or, worse still, break. Examples of these foods could be certain nuts or snacks.
If you have Bruxism, it is important that you get used to wearing a splint at night. This way, the muscles in your face will relax and prevent them from becoming tense, causing you to clench your teeth. In addition to avoiding pain and wear of the teeth that contact each other, the unloading splint will prevent the veneers from breaking.