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Frontotemporal Dementia: a type of Dementia with hereditary factor

This type of Dementia is characterized by progressive atrophy in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. The appearance of Frontotemporal Dementia is associated with hereditary factors

There are different types of Dementia and All present variations in their symptoms depending on the age of onset, the cause, and the accompanying neurological signs., the brain structures affected and whether there is any treatment. Frontotemporal Dementia is one of these various types and is characterized by significantly involve the genetic factor.

The appearance of Frontotemporal Dementia is associated with mutations in the gene that encodes the tau proteinlocated on chromosome 17. More than 35 mutations have been identified in this gene, and three of them are responsible for familial cases of Frontotemporal Dementia.

What brain regions does Frontotemporal Dementia affect?

This type of Dementia it is characterized by present progressive atrophy in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. These brain regions are generally associated with personality and behavior, which is why Frontotemporal dementia will have a greater impact on these aspects and less on memory in relation to other types of Dementia.

How does this disease affect the lives of those who suffer from it and how does it manifest itself in its beginnings?

Those affected by Frontotemporal dementia They tend to have problems modulating their personality, emotions and behavior Therefore, they develop behaviors considered inappropriate, rude or out of place. In addition, They often develop difficulties with abstract thinking and their attention span.so they tend to become very distracted, have difficulty developing ideas when speaking or presenting something sequentially.

The most common initial symptoms:

  • Inappropriate and impulsive behaviors
  • Repetition of an activity or a word over and over again
  • Compulsive eating
  • Increased sexual interest
  • Excess or lack of emotional reaction
  • Difficulty pronouncing or understanding speech
  • Inability to perform common movements
  • Problems with balance and walking
  • Slow movements, falls and body stiffness
  • Restricted eye movements
  • Tingling hands
  • Muscle weakness and loss

The symptoms also vary depending on the type of Frontotemporal Dementia, there are three: Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, primary progressive aphasia and semantic dementia.

Is there any treatment?

Like other types, Frontotemporal Dementia There is no definitive cure and treatment is based on medications to relieve certain symptoms.as well as support measures and Cognitive Stimulation to combat some of the deficits caused by the disease.