Browse By

How is dandruff produced?

The most common cause is the fungus called Pytirosporum ovale, which is found naturally on the skin.

Dandruff is a fairly common problem which many people go through and which has simple solutions to combat it, but let’s start by answering what is dandruff?

Dandruff, also known as Pityriasis, is the peeling of the dermis of the scalp and appears when there is a shortening of the cell renewal process due to the existence of dead skin on the head.

Types of Dandruff

There are two types of dandruff and they are the following:

  • Dry Dandruff or Simple Pityriasis: whitish, thin and dry scales are shown. When the person who has dandruff scratches his head, the dandruff comes off the skin and spreads to the rest of the scalp.
  • Dandruff or Pityriasis Grasa: this is located in the areas where there is more sebum, for example, on the forehead or the back of the neck. Pityriasis is larger, with a yellowish color thanks to fat, and plaques can form. This type causes redness of the skin in those affected


The causes of the appearance of dandruff are varied. The most common cause is the fungus called Pytirosporum ovale.which is found naturally in the skin, when dandruff develops, it alters the natural microorganisms of the dermis, causing irritation of the scalp.

The internal factors that can cause this problem are mainly the hormonal imbalanceswhich is why it appears more commonly in adolescents.

He Stress, Anxiety and nervous tension It is also a reason for the appearance of dandruff.

It can also be caused by Psoriasis, profuse sweating or excess oil in the hair and incorrect brushing.if done abruptly, can become the source of this problem.

On the other hand, people who like to dye their hair should know that the use of inappropriate products damages the pH of the scalp and the dermis can be affected, generating dandruff.

Seborrheic Dermatitis manifests itself in the hair through intense peeling, and in some cases together with scabby lesions, this pathology can also generate Pityriasis.

Forget about dandruff

The solution to the problem of dandruff is using products that eliminate or prevent the appearance of fungi.

Experts recommend treatments that regulate shedding and sagging of the skin such as keratoregulators, combined with mild shampoos that care for the scalp and are not aggressive with the skin’s pH. It is also advisable to use products that relieve itching of the dermis.

In the case of oily dandruff, products that control sebum may be beneficial such as brewer’s yeast or plant extracts rosemary, flax or pumpkin are examples that regulate fat naturally.

If dandruff is not treated properly it can have major complications. The itching and redness of the skin can lead the person to scratch the scalp, causing scabs to appear.

Dry Dandruff can evolve into Fatty Pityriasiswith the problems that are associated with it.

It is important to pay attention to the symptoms of dandruff to prevent it from progressing and becoming Alopeciaa possibility also explained by the Specialists.

In we have developed the tool e-Consultationservice Telemedicine that will allow you to consult a specialist through Video consultation either private chat without leaving home.