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Monkeypox: transmission, symptoms and how to avoid infection

The WHO declared it a global health emergency, which is why today we share this article with you so you can learn more about this viral disease.

Monkeypox is caused by a virus known by the same name. It is a zoonotic viral disease, which means that it can be transmitted from animals to humans.. Although this pathology frequently occurs in the tropical forests of central and western Africa, numerous cases have been recorded in other continents such as Europe and America.

This disease is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or animal. that presents injuries or, due to body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated objects such as clothing or bed.

Symptoms

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the clinical signs of the disease are the following:

Monkeypox symptoms last between two to four weeks. It has been found that severe cases occur more frequently in children and their evolution will depend on the degree of exposure to the virus.

It is worth mentioning that The clinical picture of this disease is similar to that of Smallpox disease, which was eradicated throughout the world in 1980; However, Monkeypox is less contagious and causes less severe illness..

Avoid infections

The WHO recommends strengthening surveillance, diagnosis, investigation and contact tracing, for better clinical management and thus prevent and control infections.. On the other hand, people who present symptoms related to this disease, They must isolate themselves and follow the recommendations of the treating doctor.

Although there is no vaccine against Monkeypox, Studies have been carried out showing that the effectiveness of the Smallpox Vaccine, this means that the contagion of this disease is milder and causes a less serious illness..

WHO: public health emergency

The head of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, declared in a press conference that the disease outbreak has spread around the world rapidly, meeting the criteria for a public health emergency. On the other hand, the WHO has considered Monkeypox a moderate risk worldwide and in all regions, with the exception of Europe where a high risk of transmission has been noted.

While there is a risk of further spread around the world, this risk of transmission with international traffic is low so far.