Browse By

Phases of development of Syphilis and how to prevent the disease

Before undergoing treatment against Syphilis, the patient must undergo tests to find out if he is allergic to Penicillin, this antibiotic and its variants are the most effective against this disease.

What is Syphilis and how is it spread?

The Syphilis It is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. The way of contagion It is sexually transmitted, but the sores that appear at the beginning of the disease can also be spread only through contact.

The development of the disease is slow and people usually ignore the signs since in its primary phase it does not present significant discomfort.

Symptoms and phases of the disease

The symptoms of Syphilis They can be imperceptible and depend greatly on the stage of the disease. The appearance of sores or ORulcers Painlessness and slight discomfort in the skin of the genitals are very common signs of the first stage, so If you suspect that you suffer from this disease, it is advisable to go to a specialist in Sexology. The main phases of the disease are:

Phase 1: It appears after 2 to 3 weeks after acquiring the infection. At this stage, sores or ulcers appear on the sexual organs.these are usually moist and open, they do not present pain and they may disappear after a short time. The characteristic of these lesions is that they are very contagious and can also occur on the face, mainly in the mouth.

Phase 2: At this stage, Syphilis begins to present as rashes on various parts of the body, hands and soles of the feet mainly; Flu-like symptoms such as Fevertiredness and pain in throat and body, They usually appear approximately 8 weeks after the first symptoms of phase 1 appear.

The discomfort in this phase lasts about 6 weeks, after which they usually appear and disappear within a period of 2 years.

Phase 3: During this phase the infection has already spread through the skin, nervous system, heart and even the brain. The mortality rate is high when reaching this stage of the disease.

Treatment for Syphilis

The Syphilis It is curable even when the patient is in the second phase. Treatment consists mainly of antibiotics as the Penicillin G Benzathine, if the person is allergic to this medication, other substances such as Erythromycin or Tetracycline can be used.

Depending on the stage of the disease and the damage it has already caused to the nervous system and brain, the dose and combination of antibiotics must be increased.

What can you do if you are allergic to penicillin?

Before undergoing treatment for syphilis, the patient should be tested to find out if it is not allergic Penicillin, this antibiotic and its variants are the most effective against this disease. If the test is positive, the patient must first resort to desensitization therapy which consists of injecting small doses of this substance to prevent the body from rejecting it; only then can formal treatment begin.

Sequelae of Syphilis

The consequences can be very painful and disablingit is possible that it seriously affects the functioning of the heart, generating heart disease, causing lesions in the spinal cord, Aneurysm and problems in body coordination.

How can you avoid contagion? Some statistics

Without a doubt, the condom is the most effective way to prevent the spread of Syphilis. In developed countries, the risk Infection is lower in higher strata, but increases in lower social strata. The problem in developing countries These types of infections can become a public health problem due to the lack of access to protection methods and information about STDs.

A suitable education sexual activity and information on the correct use of prophylactic methods can help prevent not only Syphilis but another dangerous disease such as Human papilloma virus (HPV) or up to AIDS.