Treatment with Platelet Rich Plasma for Osteoarthritis
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
He Platelet Rich Plasma either PRP It is a novel and relatively recent Cell Regeneration Technique, recognized and approved by the FDA in the United States. Platelets have been found to secrete a substance called Growth factorbeing responsible for important cellular changes, Among them, the recruitment of peripheral stem cells and cellular reproduction known as Mitosis stand out.
He Platelet Rich Plasma It is not a natural or artificial based medicine, on the contrary, is obtained from the same patient, to achieve cellular regeneration in an amount much higher than what the body could reach on its own.
When is PRP treatment indicated?
In Europe and the United States, the application of Platelet Rich Plasma in Orthopedics has increased exponentially in recent years, because it gives the possibility of treating without surgery many pathologies or diseases of cartilage, tendons, ligaments and bones. When surgery is necessary, in many cases PRP helps reduce recovery time due to its regenerative effect.
Despite its multiple applications, Only professionals and specialized centers with experience will be able to determine, according to the pathology of each patient, whether the use of PRP is indicated and the duration of the treatment. The Knee Clinic is a pioneer in the use of PRP, beginning its use in 2006 with excellent results.
How is PRP obtained?
Platelet Rich Plasma It is obtained from a small volume of the patient’s own blood, similar to the sample obtained for a routine laboratory examination. This sample is processed by a bacteriologist to extract the plasma with the highest concentration of platelets. To obtain a good amount of Growth Factors that are necessary for good cell regenerationr, it is recommended that each ml of plasma contains more than 1 million platelets; Therefore, it is necessary for the specialized Bacteriologist to count them to guarantee this condition.
Applications of Platelet Rich Plasma
The first uses of PRP were in Maxillofacial Surgery for bone defects, but thanks to research and discoveries, its use has spread to most branches of medicine, such as, for example, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Facial Aesthetic Surgery, Ophthalmology in Corneal Ulcers, Cardiovascular Surgeryamong other.
Treatment with Platelet Rich Plasma has no risks
Because the origin of the plasma is from the patient himself, that is, it is extracted from his own blood, there are excluding the risks of transmission of infectious diseases, or rejection phenomena. It has the advantage of not interfering with the treatment of another ailment or disease, since it is not a medicine, therefore, there is no drug interaction.
In what diseases or pain is its treatment recommended?
It can be applied successfully in painful joints and cartilage damagea pathology known as Osteoarthritis. In the last two years its use has increased for Knee pathologies, Because this is one of the joints that most commonly suffers cartilage damage and due to its anatomy, the application of Platelet Rich Plasma is less complex compared to other joints. When the joint to be treated is the hip, shoulder or ankle, the use of X-rays is recommended when PRP is applied due to the difficulty of reaching the joint space.
In Sports Medicine, PRP has been widely received, recently being used in athletes of great recognition, such as Tiger Woods and Rafael Nadal. The case of Rafael Nadal, today No. 1 in the world in Tennis, shows the success of PRP after managing to rejoin the Tennis courts after receiving this treatment in Spain and successfully recovering the No. 1 position in the world ranking that he unfortunately lost. after his retirement from the courts due to Chronic Tendonitis that he suffered in the quadriceps tendon.
It is also used in Tennis Elbow Injury, which occurs on the lateral aspect of the elbow and is named because of the high frequency of this pathology in Tennis Players due to the vibration that is transmitted through the racket upon impact of the ball. .
In most cases of Achilles Tendinopathy complete healing is achieved, avoiding a tendon rupture and surgery. Likewise, the great usefulness of PRP has been seen in the healing of fractures that have delayed union and in many other pathologies.
How long does it take for the patient to report improvement in pain?
The Knee Clinic began its use in Arthroscopic Surgery of injuries Meniscus and Cruciate Ligament Former in high-performance athletes, resulting in a prompt recovery because healing time is reduced, thus guaranteeing a quick return to sports practice. Nowadays, after proper patient selection, It is being used more frequently in other pathologies with good results.
In 90% of cases, on the seventh day of treatment, they feel relief from pain, improving mobility and returning to their daily activities. Age is not a medical precondition, in our experience the age range goes from fifteen years to 86.