Types of Human Papillomavirus, which are more dangerous?
The most characteristic symptom of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is Genital Warts. Of the non-dangerous types of viruses, there are 12 that can cause genital warts or tiny changes in the cervix.
Not all types of HPV are dangerous, but you always have to take care of yourself
There are nearly 200 types of Human papilloma virusof which approximately 16 to 18 types are highly dangerous; the rest are classified as low risk virus. Some HPV infections can disappear thanks to the immune system and the treatment of a Specialistbut a chronic infection that is not eliminated can cause the growth of pre-cancerous cells and later Cancer. This type of infection is very dangerous, since years can go by without visible damage to the cervical tissue or any symptoms..
Ways to get HPV
The Human Papillomavirus requires a direct contact with infected skin. The most common means is by unprotected sexand it can be genital, oral, anal or vaginal.
It is not possible to be infected by sharing bathrooms, daily contact with people or in swimming pools. Even people who They do not have an active sexual life or do not have symptoms, they can contract it.
Types of non-dangerous HPV and their symptoms
The most characteristic symptom of HPV is Genital warts. Of non-dangerous types of viruses there are 12 that can cause genital warts or tiny changes in the cervix. The low risk types are: 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 53, 54, 61, 72, 73, of which types 6 and 11 are associated with causing a high number of cases of Genital Warts. .
High-danger HPV types related to cervical cancer
These are the 13 most dangerous types of HPV: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 68; since they cause abnormal changes in the tissues of the cervix which can gradually turn into Cervical Cancer.
Types 16 and 18 are the most dangerous, they are related to 70% of cervical cancers. The Specialists have detected that the Women who contract these viruses develop advanced precancerous cervical disease (NIC 3) in a period of 3 years. Other types take up to 10 years to show damage after the infection is acquired.
Most women are able to fight HPV infection thanks to their immune system.. But sometimes, the infection turns into cervical cancer. Women who are at greatest risk of suffering from it are those who smoke, those who have had many children, those who have used birth control pills for a long time or those who have HIV infection.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms and Diagnostic Tests
It is common for Cervical Cancer not to cause symptoms in the first years, but later women may experience pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. It is important go to a Specialist to perform a Vaginal Cytology or a Pap smearand thus rule out the formation of abnormal cells that can become cancerous.
If the tests come back positive for abnormal cells, it is necessary to perform an HPV test.. If the results are abnormal, the patient will need a Biopsy or other tests. Having regular exams will allow the Gynecologist to find a possible Uterine Cancer problem in time.