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What are the most popular components of beauty creams and what are they for?

The business of cosmetic moves millions of euros, competence is strong in the sector and companies know that consumers use the advertising to guide you in your purchases. We are continually bombarded with extravagant names such as glycolic acid, retinols, coenzymes… These active ingredients are advertised as formulas magic that promise hydratefirm, smooth, exfoliate or rejuvenate. We have heard of all of them, but the important thing is to know if they work and if they are what our type of fur needs.

Enrique Herrera Acosta is dermatologist in it Clinical hospital of Malaga and explains the main function of some of the components that have become so fashionable.

Micelles: it is an active ingredient without detergent; It is used to gently cleanse the skin without the need for soap. They are very suitable for removing makeup from sensitive skin.

Hyaluronic acid: It is a moisturizer that is in the skin naturally. Generate elasticity and volume.

Allantoin: this substance is also known as ‘snail slime’; It has a moisturizing effect and is a good emollient and healing agent.

Vitamin C: provides luminosity to the skin. It is an advisable substance to provide smoothness.

Glycolic Acid: indicated to produce a skin exfoliation as a peeling; It can also generate improvements in superficial wrinkles. It works great for mild scars or small spots. It is used in products for skin with acne and also for the removal of small scars.

Salicylic acid: has effect keratolyticthat is, it helps eliminate the known dead cells. It is also widely used for acne-prone skin.

Urea: it is a moisturizer, emollient and keratolytic. Its function remove callusescalluses and roughness.

Glycerin: Most creams have this compound. Its main function is to hydrate.

Q-10: component whose main function is hydration and improvement of skin luminosity, although it depends on the concentration in which it is found and with which other compounds it combines.

Enrique Herrera agrees that All these components fulfill their specific function, but it always depends on the concentration level of the compound in each product, a maxim that the dermatologist insists on. «There is no single cream that adapts to all skin types, and the condition of each skin will depend on many factorslike one’s own genetics, tobacco abuse, sleeping well or sun exposure. The most important thing to prevent aging premature skin damage is to use good sun protection, says the expert.

Beauty products are also governed by fashion. Years ago, compounds were destroyed by aloe verasnail slime or rosehip. Many have been using them all their lives, but when a brand highlights them in advertising they acquire more prestige.

The scientifically proven effect and the miracle effect

To level topical, the effect of each cream will depend on the concentration of solution it has, says Herrera Acosta. «We must differentiate between an effect scientifically provenclinical and medical of an effect that the patient can perceive. It’s not that these components don’t work, they are all good substances so that they are present in a cream, but from there to an effect miracle…no”, he declares.

Tips for autumn

And now that he comes autumnDr. Herrera explains that at this time, the skin can suffer small, mild injuries such as dryness, chapped lips, redness or peeling; and suggests basic habits to care for the skin:

Protect it from the sun: even if it is cloudy, raining or you feel that the sun is not as warm as in summer, you receive UVA rays and UVB permanently. Therefore, do not leave the house without sun protection, a moisturizing cream that incorporates at least 20 SPF will suffice.

Hydrate: to combat the photoaging that these factors cause in the skin, creams with renewing active ingredients, such as Retinoic acid and its derivatives and antioxidants such as vitamin C are very beneficial.