What is a Deviated Septum?
This problem is corrected through a surgical intervention called Septoplasty.
The septum or nasal septum is the wall that separates the nasal passages. The Deviated Nasal Septum is caused by the lateralization of this wall towards one of the sides, which generates obstruction of the nostril, and sometimes even the aesthetic appearance of having one nostril larger than the other.
The main problem of a Deviated Septum is the difficulty causing breathingthis being the main reason for consultation, to solve this problem through surgical intervention.
Causes of Deviated Septum
The causes of having a deviated septum are:
- From birth or congenital, it is the most common cause and occurs during the gestation period
- Injury or Accident, having a deviated nasal septum may be the result of an accident that caused its deviation and poor position. Most cases occur in contact sports or car accidents.
Treatment against this condition
This problem It is corrected through a surgical intervention called Septoplasty.. Through this procedure, deviations of the nasal septum are solved to allow adequate air flow and thus have good breathing.
In general, A Septoplasty is a surgical procedure of medium complexitywhich requires several hours in the operating room and a lot of preparation.
As after any procedure, the patient may experience mild pain and swelling.
Thanks to our technique used, we do not place nasal packing, so you will be breathing through your nose from the first moment after surgery, even though there will always be scab formation and bleeding scarce.
Recovery time depends on each patient And depending on the care taken, on average you should rest for a week.
It is worth mentioning that during our procedure:
- We do not use nasal packing in the Postoperative
- We use a General anesthesia intravenous so that nausea, vomiting and pain are almost imperceptible
Complications during the surgical procedure
Any medical procedure can have complications. Among the main complications derived from this surgery we find:
- Septal hematoma: as with any procedure there is always an inherent risk of bleeding. In the case of Septoplasty, there may be bleeding between the mucosa (inner skin) and cartilage. This causes blood to collect in this area, which is known as a septal hematoma.
We try to reduce the risk of this complication by giving preoperative medication that helps us control bleeding. Also, it is very important to enhance close postoperative surveillance to control its non-formation, and if it occurs, to provide timely treatment.
- Septal perforation: on some occasions there may be poor healing of the mucosa or internal skin, in areas where there is also an absence of cartilage or poor vascularization thereof. This creates a hole in the nasal septum, which will cause communication between one nostril and the other, which is known as septal perforation.
It is very important to perform appropriate surgical techniques with a good dissection of the mucosa and preservation of as much cartilage as possible, to significantly reduce this risk.
- Fall of the nasal dorsum or saddle: the septum or nasal septum is one of the main load-bearing walls to support the nasal dorsum, which is why techniques should always be performed in which the septal deviation is corrected by reinforcing this wall of burden. However, in some cases there may be loss of support causing the cartilaginous dorsum to fall, a deformity also known as saddle.
- Other complications: there are multiple complications derived from any surgical procedure such as bleeding, infection, among many others.