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What is the structure of an argument

The structure of an argument is fundamental to its validity and coherence. Understanding how an argument is organized allows us to evaluate its strength and critically analyze its content.

How do you make an example argument?

The argument by exemplification is based on finding actions similar to what we are defending. To build it, we must first identify the idea or fact that we want to defend and the topic to which it belongs. Then, we look for previous cases that are similar to what we are arguing. The more times it has happened, the stronger our argument will be. Finally, we unite the thesis we defend with the identified examples, thus creating the argument by exemplification.

What is an argument and an example?

An argument is made up of propositions, which are statements about the world or some aspect of it. For example, the claim that there are beings in the universe with an intelligence greater than ours is a proposition that cannot be demonstrated and, therefore, it cannot be determined whether it is true or false. Furthermore, the truth or falsity of some propositions can change depending on the context. For example, the claim that Napoleon rules France would be false today.

Unlike propositions, which can be true or false, arguments can only be valid or invalid, right or wrong.

What is arguing and what is its structure?

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What are the 8 types of arguments?

Inductive arguments use induction as a method to reach their conclusions, starting from the particular to the general. For example, if I am mortal, my parents are mortal, and my friends are mortal, then it can be concluded that all human beings are mortal. Another example would be if my friend has a FIAT car that runs very well and my aunt also had a FIAT car that runs very well, it can be inferred that FIAT cars must run very well in general. Likewise, if when I was in Brazil I ate very delicious food and when I was in Venezuela I also ate very delicious food, it can be deduced that in South America they eat very delicious food. Also, if today is Monday and I don’t have work, and the following Monday doesn’t work either, it’s possible that I won’t work again on Mondays.

How do you start an argument?

The beginning of any argumentative writing should be concise and clear when presenting the central idea or thesis that will be defended throughout the text. It is essential to avoid advancing the arguments that support that position. Furthermore, it is important to take into account the writing style chosen when starting to write, since this must be maintained throughout the entire text. Depending on the case, the style can be objective and impersonal, showing the arguments in a neutral way and without using the first person, or subjective and personal. The latter does not imply that the argument is purely opinion, but rather that, based on objective facts, it is more involved in the presentation of ideas. In this way, you can provide a personal vision and even write in the first person. Before starting to write the argumentative essay, it is important to make sure what the required style is or what you want to capture.

What is the difference between an argument and a reasoning?

Ex Lege magazine is a quarterly publication of the Faculty of Law of the University of La Salle Bajío. In this article, Professor Benjamín Chávez Munoz, a professor at the faculty, talks about argumentation and reasoning. Argumentation consists of structuring reasoning or arguments that link a series of judgments or propositions to a conclusion. Giving an argument involves offering a set of reasons or evidence in support of a conclusion. Deductive reasoning starts from the universal and concludes in the particular, while inductive reasoning goes from the singular to the universal. Analogical reasoning presents a conclusion from the comparison of essentially similar cases. These types of reasoning are used in the legal field to base opinions and make decisions. The construction of arguments requires practice and discipline to improve our approaches.

How do you know if it is an argument?

The best way to identify whether an argument is present is to ask if there is a statement that someone is trying to establish as true based on some other statement. If so, then there is an argument present. If not, then there isn’t one. Another way to identify arguments is to know certain key words or phrases that are indicators of premise or conclusion. For example, the word “because” is an indicator of premise, while the words “so” and “therefore” are indicators of conclusion. However, it is important to note that the use of these words does not always indicate the presence of an argument. It is necessary to analyze the context and understand the meaning of the English phrase to determine whether an argument is being made or not. Additionally, the substitution test can be used to check whether a word or phrase actually functions as a premise or conclusion indicator. If it can be substituted with another word or phrase from the prompt list and the sentence still makes sense, then we are probably dealing with an argument.

What type of argument is an example?

An argument is reasoning used to convince, demonstrate or support an opinion, and is made up of premises that lead to a conclusion. Anthony Weston classified types of arguments into five categories: argument from authority, argument from analogy, argument from examples, argument about causes, and deductive argument. In addition, there are additional commonly accepted and used categories, such as inductive argument, argument from data and numbers, argument from general feeling, argument from personal experience, and counterargument.

To illustrate these examples, we will use the topic “Benefits of physical activity” and argue the thesis “Physical activity is beneficial for mental health.”

– Argument from authority: Information from prestigious organizations or institutions is used, based on the knowledge of professionals in the field or on universally accepted works. For example, the American National Institute of Mental Health maintains that exercise reduces anxiety.

– Argument through examples: Evidence is used through accepted and true facts, related to the topic and that are illustrative. For example, practicing boxing helps channel aggression and exercise improves self-esteem and mood.

– Argument by analogy: Establishes a relationship of similarity between two facts, using comparison to find common features. For example, just as the sun and water provide benefits to plants, exercise provides multiple benefits to the mind.

– Argument about causes: It turns to the original cause of the statement, establishing a cause-effect relationship between that fact and our statement. For example, moderate exercise improves sleep quality due to greater secretion of melatonin, a hormone that regulates the sleep cycle.

– Deductive argument: Obtains a valid conclusion through valid premises, where if the premises cannot be denied, neither can the conclusion. For example, outdoor sport relieves mental fatigue, hiking is an outdoor sport, therefore hiking relieves mental fatigue.

– Inductive argument: Starts from particular premises to reach a general conclusion, based on cases that have certain similarities. For example, karate helps to gain confidence and discipline, judo promotes self-esteem and self-control, and jujitsu helps reduce stress. We can affirm that martial arts provide benefits on a psychological level.

– Argument based on facts: Supports the conclusion using proven facts and statistical data, providing objective and truthful information. For example, in the world, 80% of children and adolescents practice sports insufficiently, and 13% are affected by depression, anxiety or behavioral disorders.

– General sentiment argument: It is based on the opinion of the majority of a social group, inducing an opinion in readers. For example, most children who practice martial arts develop a greater ability to concentrate.

– Argument from personal experience: It is based on a personal opinion based on a testimony or personal experience, being subjective reasoning. For example, yoga helps me control anxiety and, by practicing it daily, I notice greater progress, which helps me trust myself more.

– Counterargument: It defends a position opposite to the thesis, and its denial or refutation serves to reinforce the defended position. For example, if sport is so beneficial, why are there athletes who do not enjoy good mental health? Practicing sports at a professional level is very demanding, which is why we refer to moderate practice as a healthy habit.

Conclude

To argue is to present reasons or evidence to support a claim or position. The structure of an argument includes a premise, a conclusion, and a logical connection between them. An example of an argument is: “All human beings are mortal. Socrates is a human being. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.”

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Argumentación

Argumento por ejemplificación

¿Qué es un argumento?

https://www.didifferentiator.com/tipos-de-argumentos/

https://www.campustraining.es/noticias/como-empezar-redaccion-argumentativa/

Ejemplos de argumentos

https://espanol.libretexts.org/Humanidades/Filosof%C3%ADa/Introducci%C3%B3n_a_la_l%C3%B3gica_y_al_pensamiento_cr%C3%ADtico_(van_Clave)/01%3A_Reconstruir_y_analizar_argumentos/1.02%3A_Identify_argumentos

https://bajio.delasalle.edu.mx/delasalle/contenidos/revistas/derecho/numero_5/docentes_chavez.html

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