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Who Was The First Drug Trafficker In The World

The world’s first drug trafficker is a topic of great historical interest. Although it cannot be determined with certainty who it was, it is believed that figures such as Pablo Escobar and Al Capone played an important role in the emergence of this dark business.

Who created the first poster?

The first billboard or oldest advertising sign was created by William Caxton in 1447 to promote hot springs. Unlike today’s posters, this one did not have illustrations, but was based solely on text, since Caxton was both a merchant and England’s first printer.

Who is still alive from the Medellín Cartel?

Carlos Lehder, Pablo Escobar’s partner in the Medellín cartel, has been transferred to Germany from the United States on humanitarian grounds. It is reported that Lehder, 70 years old and with health problems, would have served his prison sentence in the United States. Although his future in Germany is unknown, it is speculated that he will be free. Lehder had called on numerous occasions for his transfer to Colombia or Germany, accusing the US prison administration and prosecutor’s office of betraying an agreement. A humanitarian organization is expected to take care of him in Germany.

When and where did the first illustrated poster appear?

Although the finds in Pompeii are clear evidence that the posters existed in Ancient Rome, they were actually handwritten messages on the walls. It was not until the year 1440, with the invention of the printing press, that the necessary conditions were created to produce posters in a similar way to how we know them today, on paper.

The first poster of the Gutenberg era dates back to 1477 and was created by William Caxton, England’s first printer. This poster was an advertisement and listed the benefits of hot springs. In 1482, in France, the first illustrated poster appeared, created by Jean du Pré.

Who is the grandfather of the posters?

El Abuelo, former self-defense leader and lieutenant of Nemesio Oseguera, alias El Mencho, has been declared an alleged drug trafficker and founder of the self-defense groups in Tepalcatepec, Michoacán. In a recent video, 18 hooded individuals, dressed in military uniforms and bulletproof vests, armed with long weapons and CJNG insignia, have declared war on him. Over the years, El Abuelo has been linked to the CJNG and has been accused of being an operator in Michoacán and a lieutenant in several regions. Despite having been detained on several occasions, he has been released due to irregularities in his detention. In addition, executions and his participation in the trafficking of synthetic drugs to the United States are attributed to him.

Who was the first Colombian extradited to the United States?

Julio Sánchez Cristo contacted Carlos Lehder after his release and he stated that the writer Lorena Salazar is impersonating his identity. Carlos Lehder Rivas was the first Colombian drug trafficker extradited to the United States and was one of Pablo Escobar’s closest associates in the Medellín Cartel. In the 1970s, he led a network of buying, selling and smuggling of stolen cars in the United States, which landed him in prison. After his release, he began trafficking drugs and allied himself with Escobar. In addition, he founded a newspaper and a country hotel called La Posada Alemana. Lehder spoke with Julio Sánchez Cristo from Germany and revealed that he is working on a documentary and that he has a contract that prohibits him from having public relations without consulting. He also mentioned that writer Lorena Salazar is defrauding Colombian bookstores and readers by writing books in her name, and has informed her lawyer to take legal action.

What was the first Mexican Cartel?

Graduate in Philosophy and Humanities from the Anselmo Llorente y Lafuente Catholic University and specialist in Forensic and Legal Psychology from the Complutense University of Madrid.

The first drug trafficking group in Mexico, considered a criminal and power organization, emerged in response to Operation Condor, designed by Henry Kissinger in 1977 to control drug trafficking in Sinaloa.

Due to the cockroach effect, Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo and Rafael Caro Quintero moved to Guadalajara, Jalisco, where, with the support of Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, alias Don Neto, they established the Guadalajara Cartel in just two years. This organization laid the foundations for the beginning of drug trafficking in Mexico, adopting a hierarchical structure similar to that of a criminal enterprise.

While Rafael Caro Quintero focused on marijuana cultivation, Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo established a connection with the powerful Medellín Cartel, led by Pablo Escobar. Their initial goal was to transport Colombian cocaine to the United States in exchange for a percentage, and they achieved it.

With the closure of the Caribbean route due to US control, the Colombian cartels lost power to the Mexicans, who since 1997 control the Pacific route. The death of Pablo Escobar and the decline of the Cali Cartel were determining factors in this transition.

Before these events, a young hitman named Joaquín “Chapo” Guzmán, who responded to Félix Gallardo, led a group known as Los Dormidos. Their function was to murder and dispose of bodies in clandestine cemeteries, especially in the La Primavera farm, located in the municipality of Zapopan.

Thanks to aerial photographs taken by DEA agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena, on November 6, 1984, a police and military intervention was carried out at Rancho Búfalo, located in the south of Chihuahua. Although there is no consensus on the exact amount of marijuana seized, drugs that would have a potential value of $8 billion in the US market were destroyed. This coup represented a strong financial blow for the Cartel, especially for Caro Quintero.

According to the official version, Rafael Caro Quintero ordered the torture and murder of agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena, with the approval of the other two leaders of the Guadalajara Cartel. This version was portrayed in the second season of Narcos México. However, in 2020, former DEA agent Héctor Berrellez, who led the investigation into Camarena’s death, claimed that the order to kill the agent did not come from the cartel, but from the CIA.

According to Berrellez, the torturer and material author of the homicide was the Cuban agent Félix Ismael Rodríguez, a specialist in covert operations. The CIA’s decision was supposedly due to the fact that, starting in 1984, the US Senate prohibited providing funds to the Contras in Nicaragua and other similar wars. Therefore, the CIA supplied weapons to the Guadalajara Cartel in exchange for drugs to sell in the United States and finance the Counterrevolution against Ortega. Camarena apparently knew or was about to discover this, which motivated his murder. The detailed report that Héctor Berrellez sent to the DEA disappeared and was transferred to a desk in Washington DC until his retirement.

Conclude

The world’s first poster is believed to have been created in France in the 19th century. It is not known who created it, but it was used to advertise events and products. As for the first Mexican cartel, the Guadalajara Cartel, founded by Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, is considered to be the precursor of modern Mexican cartels. The grandfather of the cartels refers to Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, who was one of the most influential leaders in the world of drug trafficking in Mexico. The first illustrated poster appeared in France in the 19th century, but it is not known exactly when or where. Of the Medellín Cartel, the only one still alive is Carlos Lehder, who was extradited to the United States in 1987. Pablo Escobar’s last letter said: “I prefer a grave in Colombia than a cell in the United States.” The first Colombian extradited to the United States was Fabio Ochoa Vásquez in 1999.

Source link

http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1870-35692014000100008

Recorrido por el cartel publicitario y su historia

https://delfino.cr/2020/11/el-nacimiento-de-los-carteles-narco-en-mexico-el-modelo-a-la-tica

https://www.infobae.com/america/mexico/2019/08/14/quien-es-el-abuelo-el-exautodefensa-de-michoacan-y-lugarteniente-de-el-mencho-al-que- the-cjng-declared-war/

https://www.domestika.org/es/blog/4698-historia-del-cartel-siglos-de-comunicacion-visual

https://www.lavanguardia.com/sucesos/20200617/481822638162/carlos-lehder-alemania-estados-unidos-escobar.html

https://www.infobae.com/historias/2021/12/02/las-ultimas-horas-de-pablo-escobar-una-carta-astral-maldita-y-el-instante-en-que-su- wife-knew-he-had-dead/

https://cambiocolombia.com/pais/carlos-lehder-habla-por-primera-vez-tras-su-liberacion

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